Latin means “Smooth Tooth”. It is generally referred to as orthodontics and maxillofacial orthopedics in the world. This is because it is a science that examines not only teeth but also teeth and jaw-face relationships. In order to become an orthodontic specialist, it is necessary to have a 4-year orthodontic training after graduating from a 5-year dental school. Physician who completes this training deserves the title of “orthodontist”
Often people feel the need to contact orthodontists when they become aware of irregularities, perplexities, or dissatisfaction with their teeth or their children’s teeth. However, many of these disorders can be prevented by regular controls starting at a young age. Early conscious interventions and adequate oral dental health education have led to a significant reduction in tooth loss and tooth perplexity in the elderly. In our country, an intensive effort is being made to establish this awareness.
The ability of our teeth and jaws to function with each other in the correct positions is an important factor affecting all our breathing and chewing functions. This is where orthodontics comes in and helps us to perform these functions optimally. Orthodontists make great efforts to properly function our teeth and jaws during treatment. Tens of records taken before treatment (measurements, photographs, jaw and facial x-rays, even when necessary, computerized tomographies) are analyzed very meticulously in order to create treatment planning and an accurate treatment plan is tried to be established. The right treatment plan constitutes half of the treatment; therefore, properly functioning orthodontists attach great importance to this phase.Necessary treatment is applied using more cleverly planned mechanics. The duration of treatment is between 1 and 4 years depending on the severity of the case. Usually the treatment period is 2 years.
The basic devices used in orthodontics are brackets and braces. In addition, many more intraoral and extraoral devices are used. There are many types of brackets that are basically used and glued on each tooth. These differences are divided into mechanical and aesthetic. The reasons for the mechanical differences are as follows; Many treatment techniques and philosophies have emerged since the first application of orthodontics. As a result, there are tens of different types of brackets on the market showing different mechanical properties. In general, each orthodontist adopts one or more techniques and chooses the brackets used in accordance with the system. Aesthetically, there are brackets, which are mostly preferred by adults, in tooth color and gold color. They also show differences according to the material they are made and the technical properties they contain. Thanks to the advancing technology, great steps have been recorded in the braces used in orthodontics. The most recent shape memory and heat sensitive braces play a major role in reducing the treatment time. Teflon coated white ones are also available on the market for aesthetic purposes. However, they are not preferred among orthodontists because their technical features are still not sufficient.